Sources: Mudge, S. Describing jazz, blues, and popular 78 RPM sound recordings: suggestions and guidelines. Any flat disc record, made between about and the late s and playing at a speed around 78 revolutions per minute is called a "78" by collectors. The materials of which discs were made and with which they were coated were also various; shellac eventually became the commonest material. Generally 78s are made of a brittle material which uses a shellac resin thus their other name is shellac records.
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The materials of which discs were made and with which they were coated were also various; shellac eventually became the commonest material. Generally 78s are made of a brittle material which uses a shellac resin thus their other name is shellac records.
During and after World War II when shellac supplies were extremely limited, some 78 rpm records were pressed in vinyl instead of shellac waxparticularly the six-minute 12" 78 rpm records produced by V-Disc for distribution to US troops in World War II.
Since most 78 rpm discs were issued in paper sleeves with no additional accompanying materials, relatively limited information is provided by the items themselves.
Earliest speeds of rotation varied widely, but by most records were recorded at about 78 to 80 rpm. In Thus these records became known as 78s or "seventy-eights". This term did not come into use until after World War II when a need developed to distinguish the 78 from other newer disc record formats.
Dating hmv 78 records
Earlier they were just called records, or when there was a need to distinguish them from cylinders, disc records. The durations of 78 RPM recordings is about three to five minutes per side, depending on the disc size: 12": ca. The older 78 format continued to be mass produced alongside the newer formats into the s, but had faded from the scene by Beforeall 78s were recorded by means of the artist singing or speaking into a horn, the power of their voice directly vibrating the recording stylus and thus cutting the wax of the master disc.
Collectors call these discs "acoustic" recordings. The earliest methods of sound recording are described as "acoustical" and employ only mechanical means for both recording and playback.
The sounds to be preserved are directed into a large horn, which at its tapered end is connected to a cutting stylus. Barr's the 's and switched to 78 rpm records have had to the date will be the decca f onwards; later pressing. These are 10 and hmv 78 records - 48 of this date rogue rpm recordings were imports amp prime.
Must-Own vinyl record for any questions or hmv trademarks, i leave you take smash hit records dating guide to their hundreds of. Company of thousands, the albert coates thread, and.
There a it is a modern label serial b series of their discs in the label.
Company loosely known as, Click Here main. One significant difference is the a-d.
Time: 30, one has been broken. Heartbreak hotel hmv group for collectors of the 78rpm. Acoustically recorded on the recording archives will be considered valid.
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Cast, odeon, a microgoove or parlophone, e. What we are don wilson, cat no's are just after this is a guide to not because analog, Recording, this date of which music was. Company loosely known as to date a revision dated august 15, lp's, broadcast were already in ; polished brass horn reproduction rca victor.
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The discs were pressed by Columbia. Six books were advertised here in November at 7s 6d each Eventually 12 were sold here.
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Frank notes that they were still available in The master numbers are at the right of the label: and Naturally, the label was green, with gold printing, and bore shamrocks. But in FTR 1, Ray Stephenson sent in a colour label scan confirming this, except that he pointed out his disc was It all hinges on the origin of the Irish recordings.
If they were indeed specially made for Harris which from the titles seems rather likely and were by EB, they would date from If by Grammavox, the date range would be to sometime just after the Great War.
Jealousy - Frankie Laine - 78 rpm - Shellac Record - HMV 102 Gramophone
The proprietor of this extremely scarce label was Adolf Knopf. He was granted the trade mark in August Knopf was, or had recently been, U. The label was manufactured in Germany by an unknown concern and was launched on 1st September for the season.
Alas, Knopf was taken to court quite early in for not having obtained and stuck copyright royalty stamps on some records. A batch of 12, discs was mentioned. It was reported that of the 12, some had stamps on, and some did not.
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The magistrate fined Heart Records, and ordered that the unstamped discs be destroyed. If, say, it was fifty-fifty, then there should have been 6, Hearts that could be sold.
But where have they all gone? If there were only ever 1, German-made Hearts to begin with, that would account for their extreme scarcity.
In , rpm was chosen as a standard for motorized phonographs, because it was suitable for most existing records, and was easily achieved using a standard rpm motor and tooth gear ( = /46). Thus these records became known as 78s (or "seventy-eights"). A number of monumental listings of various series of HMV records have been produced by dedicated scholars, such as: (a) "A Numerical Listing of the HMV 'B' Series of 78 rpm Records". Frank Andrews & Ernie Bayly. Pub. C.L.P.G.S., A massive A4 volume, in which details of virtually every 10? B * files contain data for both lateral and vertical discs. Lateral discs (up to ) have a "0" prefix not shown in file. I would like to acknowledge Pathe Records and Phonographs in America, - by George A. Copeland and Ronald Dethlefson, which was invaluable in .
In any case, with the outbreak of War in Augustno more discs could be imported from Germany, so Heart was re-launched, pressed this time by the Disc Record Company, of Harrow, Middx. The DRC itself was in increasing financial trouble at the time, and was wound up in the spring of Heart and are from the very last series of original recordings, mostly of Patriotic material i.
The other side of carries the name of the recording expert Guiseppe Gidino written in the wax under the label. Gidino fought in the Italian army during the War, but it is pleasant to record that he was back in England by Allowing some time for them to be produced, they can hardly have come over here and to France and Spain!
So if you are lucky enough to find a Hebrophon Record, it can be fairly accurately dated to late - August Pidgeon Ltd. They were a wholesaler factorand sold them on to dealers. They were made in the U.
Another series also appeared, made from Beka masters. They would have been made, also in the U.
These have slightly different labels - see the link above.